Trans Siberian and Vietnam Tour - TDV
Number of Days: 34
Destination: Custom Tours
Epic Rail Odyssey is the ultimate rail adventure that stretches 12,589km, across the face of the earth. Always designed as more than a rail journey, it passes through vast steppes, deserts, mountain ranges and rich fertile valleys. Spanning a quarter of the earth’s land surface, this glorious journey traverses seven diverse countries.
We begin in Moscow where we delve into corners of the great city that are not normally visited by tourists: in particular, Stalin’s bunker – a nuclear stronghold and nerve centre during the Cold War. Leaving Moscow on the first of our wonderful train journeys, we cross the Ural Mountains to the Aral Sea, a remote and little visited place where the hulks of rusting ships lie stranded in what is now a massive salt pan. From here we cross the endless Kazakh Steppes to the beautiful city of Almaty. Lying in the shadows of the formidable Tian Shan Mountains, Almaty is our boarding point for the train that will straddle these ranges and enter remote western China, heartland of the Uighur people. From here we take the newest bullet train in the country which will complete the 1,776km journey to Lanzhou in just 11 hours! We then fly south to the wonderful city of Kunming, before entering Vietnam and its capital Hanoi. Another great train journey on the Reunification Express will then take us the complete length of Vietnam’s shoreline to Ho Chi Minh City. After an exhilarating three-night stay in the frenetic metropolis we travel by road to Phnom Penh, where after an overnight stay, we continue by road to Siem Reap and the ‘8th wonder of the world, Angkor Wat. From here we head to Thailand, and, after a stop in Bangkok, complete the final leg of the journey by rail, from north to south along the Malay Peninsula. Epic Rail Odyssey is, without doubt, Travel Directors’ most thrilling undertaking so far!
06/09/2018 Australia – Singapore
Depart from your chosen Australian airport on the flight to Singapore.
07/09/2018 Singapore – Moscow (LD)
Depart Singapore SQ 362, 00.20
Arrive Moscow 06.00
On arrival we transfer to our hotel and after lunch we stroll into Red Square. Dating back to 1493, the magnificent square is flanked on one side by the red walls of the Kremlin and on the other by the majestic GUM department store. At one end is the imposing history museum and at the other is one of the world’s most famous buildings, the unique St Basil’s Cathedral. The square also houses Lenin’s mausoleum.
Hotel Ritz Carlton
08/09/2018 Moscow (BLD)
Today we visit the extraordinary ‘Stalin Bunker 42,’ a museum dedicated to the cold war and the historical nuclear confrontation between the two superpowers. The bunker which was built as a shelter for the headquarters of long-distance Air Forces, is located 70 metres below ground and occupies an area of 7,000 square metres. In the ‘60s, the bunker was equipped with life-support systems, supplies of water and enough food to support the officers for a year. By 1995 the bunker was declassified, though even today the complex is contained inside a façade of a 19th century house with blank windows. It is said that the bunker can withstand a direct hit from a nuclear bomb.
09/09/2018 Moscow – Aralskoe (Aral Sea) (BLD)
Our last day in Moscow is a very special one, as we travel 35km beyond the outskirts of the city to a unique open-air military museum which contains hundreds of exhibits from the Second World War and the Cold War. We enjoy lunch at the site before returning to Moscow. In the afternoon we have the opportunity to do some last minute shopping or sightseeing around Red Square before enjoying dinner and then transferring to Kazansky station for the journey to the Aral Sea.
Depart Moscow Train 18, 21.40
10/09/2018 On board train
The train heads south and today we cross into Kazakhstan. We soon reach the border of the world’s ninth largest country and then continue across the great Kazakh steppes.
11/09/2018 Arrive Aral Sea
Four decades ago the town of Aralsk was one of the most important fishing ports on the Aral Sea with a population of nearly 100,000 people. Today the number of people living in the town has dropped to less than 35,000.
Arrive Aralsk 21.45
At Aralsk train station, we see a large mosaic that depicts how, in 1921 Aralsk’s comrades provided fish for people starving in Russia. Today the town is a stark testament to the environmental and social disaster wrought by the diversion of the waters of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers for cotton production, and the resultant desiccation of the Aral Sea.
New Hotel Nur
12/09/2018 Aral Sea (BLD)
After breakfast we explore the northern part of the Aral Sea where the shoreline has been pushed back some 60km, yet once, waves lapped at the town walls. In fact today the Aral Sea is only 25 kilometres from Aralsk thanks to a dam, which is now saving the north Aral Sea. The fishing industry is recovering and a new fish processing plant has been built. After we return from the Aral Sea we visit the old port where we see the rusted crane and some boats lying in the former harbour.
13/09/2018 Aral Sea – Baikonur – Almaty (B)
This morning we board our bus for the two hour journey to Baikonur, the busiest space port in the world. In fact, this has been the launch site for Soviet and Russian space missions since the beginning of space exploration in 1957. Historically, it was the site where the first satellite and, indeed, the first human – Yuri Gagarin – were launched into space. Today, the site is heavily used for launching Soyuz astronauts to the International Space Station. Situated 2,100 kilometers from Moscow, Baikonur is more than just a launch site: it is a unique city that Russia leases from Kazakhstan, and is controlled by Russian and Kazakh military working side by side. Baikonur even has two airports and its own train station from where we board our train for the journey to Almaty. We now follow the route of the Arab traders and their caravans along part of the Great Silk Road. Crossing steppes we see nomads and shepherds herding their cattle much as their ancestors did a thousand years before. Now the dining car becomes the hub of the train where westerners and Russians mingle, share a meal and have a drink or two.
Depart Aral Sea, Train 34, 14.54
14/09/2018 Almaty (D)
The train rolls on towards Almaty and the landscape begins to change to lush green pastures flanked by snow-capped mountains. In the afternoon we arrive in Almaty and transfer to our hotel.
Arrive Almaty 17.26
Shera Park Inn
15/09/2018 Almaty – Charyn Canyon – Almaty (BLD)
Today we head out to the magnificent Charyn Canyon in the Charyn National Park. Formed three million years ago, the canyon is approximately 150 km long, and up to 300 meters deep in places. Because the area used to be a large inland sea, the deposits seen on the sides of the canyon are relatively soft and are a geologist’s dream, revealing hundreds of millions of years of history. The vista of dramatic erosion caused by the River Charyn and the elements, have created a dramatic and astonishing landscape of rock sculptures. Charyn is often described as Central Asia’s Grand Canyon.
16/09/2018 Almaty – Urumqi (BLD)
Situated in the shadows of the Tian Shan Mountains, Almaty is the cultural and commercial hub of Kazakhstan. Literally meaning ‘rich with apples’ the former capital is known as the ‘Garden City’ for its large areas of fragrant gardens and the majestic firs and spruce of the Tian Shan Mountains that surround it. Today we explore this beautiful city before moving high up to the outskirts to see the magnificent panorama of Almaty before us. After dinner we transfer to the train station for the next leg of our journey which takes us towards the remote eastern corner of Kazakhstan and the Drushba/Alatau border.
Depart Almaty Train 14, 00.15
17/09/2018 On board train
After finishing with Kazakh immigration the train moves into China. Arriving at Alatau, on the China side, giant hydraulic lifts raise the train and the wheel bogies are changed to fit the narrower gauge tracks in China. With Chinese border formalities completed, the train makes its way to Urumqi, flanked by the mighty snowy peaks of the Tian Shan Mountains.
18/09/2018 Urumqi (LD)
This morning we reach the capital of Xinjiang province.
Arrive Urumqi 10.10
Historically known as Dihua or Tihwa, the name ‘Urumqi’ is a Mongolian word that means ‘beautiful pasture’. These beautiful pastures have now been replaced by a sprawling metropolis and a hub city on the ancient Silk Road. It is home to numerous cultural relics and historic treasures as well as 13 ethnic minorities: this is the fascinating Muslim heartland of China. On arrival in Urumqi we transfer to our hotel. .
19/09/2018 Urumqi (BLD)
After breakfast we leave Urumqi and head into the great Tian Shan Mountains. We start to climb until we reach Heavenly Lake, situated 2,000 metres above sea level and with a depth of 60 metres. Surrounding the Heavenly Lake are snowy peaks, glacier forests and alpine lakes, making this whole area a stunning pocket of nature. After our visit we head back to explore Urumqi’s fascinating bazaar and the Xinjiang museum which houses 4,000-year-old mummies.
20/09/2018 Urumqi – Lanzhou (BD)
Depart Urumqi Train DZ 704 09.24
The Urumqi-Lanzhou High-Speed Railway is a 1,776-kilometer line that opened in 2015 and connects remote Xinjiang with Beijing, a remarkable rail construction that rivals the Himalayan Express. Skirting the Gobi Desert, we pass through 19 stations on our way to Gansu province. This is the Silk Road by bullet train!
Arrive Lanzhou 20.57
On our arrival in Lanzhou we transfer to our hotel
21/09/2018 Lanzhou – Kunming (BD)
After breakfast we depart for Lanzhou airport for our flight to Kunming.
Depart Lanzhou Sichuan Airline 3U 8514. 13.00
Arrive Kunming 17.20
On arrival in Kunming we transfer to our hotel. Known as the ‘City of Eternal Spring’, Kunming is located in Yunnan province and lies some 1,890m above sea level. It is a fascinating city inhabited by a large number of minority groups.
Green Lake Hotel
22/09/2018 Kunming (BLD)
Kunming is regarded as one of China’s most liveable cities, but is perhaps most famous for its magical Stone Forest. A geological phenomenon, the ‘forest’ was a vast sea millions of years ago. Later the movement of tectonic plates altered the earth’s crust, causing the sea to recede and the limestone floor to appear. Due to the constant seeping of rain through the cracks in the limestone, some of the stone formations dissolved and the fissures broadened, producing a mass of strange rock formations. Today we head out of the city to explore this amazing site.
23/09/2018 Kunming – Hanoi (BLD)
This morning we commence our five-hour journey to the Chinese border town of Hekou. After lunch on the Red River, which separates the two countries, we cross into the Vietnam border town of Lao Cai. Here we board our bus for the four-hour drive to Hanoi.
Hotel de L’Opera
24/09/2018 Hanoi (BLD)
In 2010, Hanoi celebrated its 1,000th anniversary as capital of Vietnam – this in spite of several invasions and occupations. It is a fascinating mix of old and new Vietnam, with Chinese and French influences, ancient culture, colonial architecture, broad tree-lined boulevards, and beautiful lakes. Today we explore the city starting with a visit to Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum and then on to the Old Quarter and the French Quarter.
25/09/2018 Hanoi – Duong Lam – Hanoi (BLD)
Today we head out of Hanoi to explore the Vietnam of the past. Duong Lam village has a history of about 1,200 years with many houses dating back up to 400 years. Nearly all the buildings here are made of laterite and mud, two materials that are abundant in the area. Laterite is used on house walls, gates, wells and even temples, while the mud is extracted from ponds. The whole area is surrounded by rice paddies and people working here are using agricultural techniques that are hundreds of years old. This evening we enjoy a performance of the famous water puppet show at the Bong Sen Water Puppet Theatre. The Vietnamese traditional art of water puppetry has roots that date back to the 10th century where farmers in the Red River Delta area used it to celebrate festivals and harvests.
26/09/2018 Hanoi – Ho Chi Minh City (B)
Depart Hanoi train SE 3, 10.00
An early start today as we board the much celebrated ‘Reunification Railway’, a steel artery running the length of Vietnam. It was completed in 1936 in what was then French Indo-China. However the railway operated for only 18 years, before the French pulled out and the country split into North and South. Only in 1976 did the north-south trains resume, and now this 1,726km railway line provides the vital link between the two cities. Hanoi station is very visibly a French colonial building, although its stark concrete central section is the result of an American bomb in December 1972.
27/09/2018 Ho Chi Minh City (D)
Crossing the 17th parallel and hugging the coast, we continue south with stops at Nha Trang and Danang, before arriving into Ho Chi Minh City.
Arrive Ho Chi Minh 17.00
Ho Chi Minh City
28/09/2018 Ho Chi Minh City (BLD)
Ho Chi Minh is a frenetic city of 8.2 million people whose most notable landmark is Saigon Central Post Office, the starting point for our city tour. Designed and built by French architect Gustave Eiffel, this Gothic-style building was completed in 1886 and remains one of the country’s most celebrated edifices. We then move to the Reunification Palace, home of the president of South Vietnam during the war. This is where the first North Vietnamese tanks crashed through the gates on the morning of 30 April 1975, resulting in Saigon’s official surrender. It is preserved almost exactly as it was that morning. Later we visit the busy Ben Thanh Market which has more than 3,000 stalls.
29/09/2018 Ho Chi Minh City (BLD)
The Cu Chi Tunnels, a short drive from the city, were created by the Viet Cong during the war with the Americans. After breakfast we head out of the city to explore the series of hidden underground tunnels from where the Viet Cong could launch sudden, surprise attacks. Here, in the narrow, extremely claustrophobic tunnels, air, food and water were scarce and the tunnels were infested with rats, poisonous centipedes, scorpions, spiders and rats. For much of the time, the Viet Cong would be in the tunnels by day resting only to emerge after darkness to engage the enemy. This is an astounding insight into the deprivation of guerrilla warfare during the Vietnam War.
30/09/2018 Ho Chi Minh – Phnom Penh (BLD)
This morning we take the first of our road trips of the tour as we head for Moc Bai, the Vietnam/Cambodia border. After completing border formalities we continue to Phnom Penh arriving in the early afternoon.
01/10/2018 Phnom Penh – Siem Reap (BLD)
Leaving Pnomh Penh this morning we board our coach for the five-hour drive to Siem Reap. The road between these two cities offers a glimpse of Cambodian country life, as you travel past rice paddies, traditional wooden houses, and water buffalo lazily grazing on the side of the road. After lunch we continue on to Siem Reap and check in to our hotel.
Victoria Angkor Wat Resort & Spa
02/10/2018 Siem Reap: Angkor Wat (BLD)
After breakfast we explore the incredible complex of Angkor Wat. A 700-year old city, the temples are the architectural zenith of the Khmer Empire. Angkor Watt was the capital of the kingdom that stretched across Southeast Asia, including Laos, Burma, Thailand and Vietnam. Consisting of 1,000 temples with canals, shrines and tombs, it is considered the unofficial 8th wonder of the world.
03/10/2018 Siem Reap – Aranyaprathet – Bangkok (BD)
Today we drive a short distance to the Cambodian border town of Poiphet and after completing formalities, we arrive at the Thai town of Aranyaprathet, where we board our coach to continue on to Bangkok.
Depart Aranyaprathet Train 276, 13.55
Arrive Bangkok 19.55
On arrival at Bangkok we transfer to our hotel.
04/10/2018 Bangkok (BLD)
One of the world’s most vibrant and visited cities, Thailand’s capital has long been established as a heritage site and exotic playground. This morning we explore old Bangkok by way of its canals, which reveal scenes at odds with the bustling, modern inner city. Here, we get an insight into the serene and simple lifestyle of riverbank dwellers. After lunch we visit Jim Thompson House, one of the best examples of traditional Thai residential architecture which also boasts a breathtaking collection of Southeast Asian art. This evening we enjoy a stroll through the Silom night market.
05/10/2018 Bangkok – Padang Besar – Penang (BL)
This morning we have some free time before transferring to the railway station and boarding our train to Padang Besar in Malaysia.
Depart Bangkok 15.10
06/10/2018 Padang Besar – Penang (BL)
Arrive Padang Besar 8.53
On arrival we board a bus to Penang. After lunch, we begin a tour of Penang Island, with its exotic sights and sounds. We stop at the world’s fourth longest statue of the Reclining Buddha – Wat Chayamangkalaram. Continuing on from here we visit the first Buddhist Temple to be built in Penang in 1803, an elaborately decorated Burmese Temple. Our tour continues to Khoo Kongsi, a magnificent hall embellished with intricate carvings and woodwork. Following the tour we transfer to our hotel for our overnight stay.
07/10/2018 Penang – Butterworth – Singapore (B)
This morning we transfer back to the train station to continue our journey south through Kuala Lumpur and on to Singapore.
Depart Butterworth 07.33
Arrive Gemas 14.15
Depart Gemas 14.55
Arrive Johor Bahru 18.45
On arrival we board the coach for the last leg of our journey to Singapore.
Swissotel Merchant Court
08/10/2018 Singapore (BLD)
After breakfast we explore Singapore taking in sights such as Merlion Park, the Civic District, the Padang Cricket Club, Parliament House, Supreme Court, and City Hall. In the evening we enjoy a final party to celebrate the finish of a momentous rail journey.
09/10/2018 Singapore – Australia (B)
- All flights between Australia and Moscow/Singapore and Australia (inc domestic from your preferred capital city)
- All accommodation (twin-share)
- All ticketable air taxes (may be subject to change)
- All trains and internal transportation
- All meals as specified
- Travel Directors’ tour leader throughout
- Expert local guides
- All entrance fees in specified sightseeing
- All visas and courier fees
- All tips and gratuities
- Visit Russia’s Cold War nerve centre at Stalin’s bunker
- Travel on Moscow’s famous metro and visit some of the beautiful stations
- Stay at the town of Aralsk for two nights
- Cross the mighty Kazakh steppes by train
- See the desiccation of the Aral Sea
- Two-night stay in the ‘City of Apples’, Almaty.
- Cross the Tian Shan Mountains by train
- Full day trip to the gem of the Tian Shan Mountains, Heaven lake
- Witness the fascinating Chinese Muslim city of Urumqi
- Ride on China’s latest bullet train, a 1,722km marvel of engineering
- Visit the extraordinary Stone Forrest at Kunming
- Enjoy the unbelievable expo gardens of Kunming
- Two-night stay in Hanoi
- Cross the 17th parallel on the Reunification Express
- Three-night stay in Ho Chi Minh City
- Stroll through Reunification Palace
- Experience the Cu Chi Tunnels
- Full day at the ‘8th wonder of the world’, Angkor Wat
- From $17950 per person twin share. Single supplement + $3750